The handbag industry, rocked by slowing department-store traffic and a shift away from purses by millennials, has a new mantra this holiday season: Do more with less. Luxury retailers such as Nordstrom, Bloomingdale’s and Barneys New York are introducing far fewer styles of handbags this year as the critical Christmas season approaches. And the pressure on the industry has fueled speculation that companies like Coach and Michael Kors Holdings should find merger partners rather than fight it out alone.
Retailers are increasingly opting to differentiate themselves from competitors by introducing fewer new lines rather than swamping shoppers with too many choices, said Katie Smith, senior fashion analyst at Edited, a data-analytics company for the fashion industry. “Reducing the number of products, making sure they are choosing their products really smartly, can help make sure they’re getting full-price sales rather than discount,” Smith said.
In the three months through Aug. 31, the number of new handbags introduced by Nordstrom and Bloomingdale’s fell 23 percent and 3 percent, respectively, compared with an increase of 5 percent and 11 percent the year before, according to Edited, whose clients include Ralph Lauren Corp. and luxury e-commerce site, Net-A-Porter. Barneys rolled out 41 percent fewer new lines in the third quarter of this year, compared with a 46 percent increase in 2015.
Coach, Michael Kors and Kate Spade & Co. are cutting back on sales to department stores, trying to avoid the record promotions that have hurt their brand cachet. When luxury retailers begin releasing their earnings on Tuesday, attention will be focused on how successful they’ve been in curbing discounting and coping with waning handbag demand.
The U.S. luxury industry has had a rough ride this year as online competition and a stronger dollar have slowed mall traffic. Global economic and geopolitical uncertainties have also damped shoppers’ appetite for high-end items, stoking concerns about the future of the luxury market. That fueled speculation that Coach was considering merging with British fashion house Burberry Group Plc, though those reports were dismissed by some analysts.
Coach sold its real estate stake in Manhattan’s Hudson Yards development for about $707 million in August. But while it has the money and has discussed M&A as a potential strategy, the 75-year-old company is also going through a major turnaround plan of its own.
New York-based Coach, which relies on handbags for more than half of its sales, is expanding into accessories and shoes. It’s been aggressively promoting the Stuart Weitzman footwear brand, which it bought last year, while developing products to woo shoppers to pay full price.
Coach has posted three straight quarters of revenue growth after halting nine quarters of declines. But it faces ongoing pressure from tourism traffic in its outlet stores, which drive more than half of its North American sales, said Scott Krasik, an analyst at the Buckingham Research Group. “We see fewer opportunities for Coach to drive margin expansion going forward without better sales growth,” he wrote in a note this month.
Michael Kors is also diversifying, with aggressive plans to expand products for men and its new smartwatch and fitness tracker lines made by Fossil Group Inc. Like Ralph Lauren and Kate Spade, the fashion house is selling less to department stores, even if it means sales will suffer in the short term.